The academic success depends on the ability to attend to tasks and teacher and classroom expectations while the common symptoms of ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. So the academic performance of the ADHD children is often not as good as their peers. The assistance from school in particular the teachers can be of great help to the young patients of ADHD.
- Overview of the potential strategy
- Academic instruction
- Conducting lessons
- Behavioral interventions
- Classroom accommodation
Overview of the potential strategy
Three-pronged strategy should be the first choice for the teacher to educate his/her ADHD students. The first stage is identifying the unique desires of the kids. The teachers can have look at the reasons, the time and the ways that the impulsivity, inattention and hyperactivity happen. Then, they should choose the variety of educational practices related to academic instruction, behavioral interventions and classroom accommodation to respond the demands of the children. The final step is the combination of the above practices with a personal educational program. The details are:
- Determine the child’s individual needs and strengths. The teachers can have careful consideration of the academic and behavioral needs by the official diagnoses and the informal observations at classroom as learning style inventories. The context where the behavior change occurs is necessary for the evaluation.
- Choose the appropriate instructional practices: the instructional practices should be depended on the academic and behavioral demands to be identified.
- If the children are following the special educational services, the integration between appropriate practices and IEP is crucial. The IEP can create to reflect the goals and the education-related services as well as the supplementary aids.
2. Academic instruction
Academic instruction is the most effective instruction for the ADHD children. The children can be taught with the suitable teaching principles. The students should be introduced the lessons with a careful structured academic lesson in order to get the best academic performance. To gain this, the students with ADHD should undergo some steps.
First of all, the teacher should provide an advance organizer to prepare the day’s lesson for students. For instance, the students can have a review of previous lesson about the new information and the possible activities in classroom. The instructions, choices and scheduling should be written or spoken simply and easy to understand. Then, the students with ADHD should have clear target for the lesson and what exactly they should do. The teachers should state those to their ADHD children before the class. The necessary materials for the class should be given to the students directly since they often miss or lose the tiny things.
3. Conducting lessons
The children can have better understanding of the lesson by the useful help of the teachers. The ADHD kids meet the difficulty in moving from one lesson to other, so the teacher should prepare for the children this transition. First, the teachers should give the simple structure and consistency so the ADHD children can cope up with the change.
The students should be well supported with the personal and discreet cues to keep track with lessons and their classmates. The ADHD children should be described how to behave in classroom. The following step is conducting lessons. The teachers should use the audiovisual materials to illustrate the lessons, which encourages the ADHD children and get them involved in the lesson. The students should be help to correct their mistakes. The teachers should explain the students in order that the ADHD kids can identify and correct the mistakes themselves. The students should strictly follow the oral and the written directions with the help of the teachers.
The last step of academic instruction is concluding lessons. The activities as providing advance warning, check assignments or preview the following lesson can help the students to complete the lesson and prepare for the next. In addition to the general strategies listed above to introduce, conduct and end the lesson, effective teachers. Students with ADHD also personalize their teaching. Practical suit differ subjects and the needs of students in each field. This is because ADHD children have different ways of learning and retention information, not all of which involve traditional reading and listen. Teachers should evaluate the student’s performances regularly to identify students who need extra help. Moreover, the teachers can have a close watch to the lack of comprehension as daydreaming or the visual indications. Hence, the on-time help will be effective.
The students should have the key points highlighted by the teacher. The key words or the important information can help the ADHD children concentrate on the directions. The children can learn to highlight from what they receive from their teachers. The ADHD children tend to be allergies with test especially the timed tests. The ADHD kids cannot focus on a long time so the teachers should allow the children extra time to finish their test or quizzes.
For the concluding lessons, the teachers should make a sign that the lesson is going to end. The students with ADHD should be regularly checked. Assignments or homework should be checked so that the students can review what they have learn. In addition to the general strategies listed above to introduce, conduct and end the lesson, effective teachers Students with ADHD also personalize their teaching Practical suit different subjects and the needs of students in each field. This is because children with ADHD have different ways of learning and retention information, not all of which involve traditional reading and listen.
The effective teachers identify areas in which each. Children need extra support and then use special strategies to provide opportunities for the child structured to consider and learning to master a lesson that had previously been submitted to the class. For the ADHD patients with the distraction and the difficulty in attention, they should make use of some techniques to improve the situation. Some useful techniques are: designate one teacher as the student’s advisor, assignment notebook, color-coded folders and visual aids… The students who have trouble in time management by some special materials and practices like: use clock, wristwatch, and calendar or take part in sequencing activities or have a daily activity schedule.
4. Behavioral interventions
The ADHD children often meet the trouble in controlling their impulsiveness and hyperactivity. They cannot easily make friends with other children. The behavioral interventions aim to help the ADHD students in their behaviors, which are most conducive to the learning process of themselves and their classmates. Teachers can prevent many disciplinary problems and give the students the favorable environment for learning by the well-managed classrooms.
When the time teachers must is spent interacting with students with behavior focus on the lessons to be presented, at the time is available support for other students. Behavioral interventions should be seen as an opportunity to teach in the most effective and effectively, rather than an opportunity to punish. Following are some useful behavioral intervention techniques. The teachers can make use of many behavioral interventions to help the students not only learn but also control their behavior.
Verbal reinforcement seems to be the most effective and appropriate behavior. The ADHD children seem to love being praised. The teacher can use the phrases as good job or well done to encourage their students and motivate them. The praise has been found to have positive effect on the ADHD children. But how can the teacher give praise to their ADHD students? First, they should define the behavior worth to giving praise. The ADHD students should be said about what they have done right and what is desirable. Then the teachers should give the praise at right time, not soon or late. The teachers are advised to diverse their complements. The same statements might lose values. The teachers should focus on the praise rather than the punishment.
In addition, some other techniques can work well to improve the performance of the students. The selective ignore inappropriate behavior can help teachers to ignore some inappropriate behaviors of their students. Teachers often find that certain object (such as rubber bands and toys) to distract attention of students with ADHD in the classroom. Provides calming manipulatives. While some toys and other objects can be distracting for students with ADHD and colleagues in the classroom, some children with ADHD can benefit from access to the object can be gentle manipulation. Manipulatives can help children achieve a number of sensors needed while participating in the lesson. Functional behavioral assessments and positive behavioral interventions can be helpful to teach the ADHD young patients. The students should stay away from the nuisance items. The subjects as toys, rubber bands or doll can easily distract the ADHD children in classroom. Furthermore, the parents should play a critical role in educating their children. Parental input in behavioral intervention strategies, keeping in touch with teacher or collaborating in controlling the ADHD children are totally in parent’s hands.
5. Classroom accommodation
Now is the third component of a strategy for effective education for children with ADHD-related physical classroom room. Adapting to the new environment or pay attention to one thing seems to be difficult for the ADHD children. They are easily distracted by tiny things as other children. As a result, many children with ADHD benefit from prevention to reduce distractions in the classroom environment and help them stay tasks and study. Some rooms in the physical and learning the classroom environment can benefit children with ADHD. The most common accommodation can be made to the physical environment.
The children can be positively affected by the seat in classroom. Seating near teacher or in front of the room can help teachers to monitor the child behaviors. The seat with the low-distraction work areas can give the children quite environment with few distractions. The teachers can have some special instructional tools to refresh the classroom learning environment, which calls the instructional tools and physical learning environment. The room can be decorated with pointers, egg timers, classroom lights and music. The pointer can help students to track written words. The students can start the egg timers at the beginning and the end of the lesson. The ADHD students can know how much time in the lesson and check time while appropriate music can motivate the students. For example, if the classroom has quite activities, the soft music as classical or jazz should be chosen.
In conclusion, to cope with ADHD, it is necessary for ADHD children, their parents and teachers to join together. The surroundings can be useful as accommodation, peers or special teaching programs. The parents and teachers should have a try with those to ensure their children have most effective impacts to improve their conditions.