Restoration of the foot: the important factor of the surgery treatment of degenerative knee joint
Knee replacement surgery is known as effective treatments for severe degenerative knee injury. However, two surgical approaches to intervention to cases of degenerative knee injury is the correct axis of legs and partial knee replacement. All this surgery treatments than to fix anatomical damage in place of articulation is aimed at very important goals is restoring physiological axis of the foot (also known as transmission shafts). This article introduces the summary axis of the foot and the leg axis of recovery surgery for the treatment of degenerative knee.
The shaft of the leg has two types of it is physiological anatomy and physiology axis which plays an important role and is closely related to the pathogenesis of knee degenerative diseases. As for the footer (footer below), the axis of the foot as very important because this is the transmission axis of the body to the ground. The entire body weight will be distributed all over the legs and over the feet to the ground under this axis. This axis can be computed as a straight line 3 guys over that point are: the femoral Ridge, the middle point between the knee and ankle. If the groin and ankle joints normal, drive shaft power can be calculated through two points which are tipped in the femur and the Middle leg. If the normal knee joint, the point between the knee joint will be located on this line. When the knee joint is degenerative, the injury of articular cartilage and bone beneath the cartilage changes the axis of the foot, the majority of cases of disfigured to be twisted in the knee (bent foot) at the various levels from mild to severe. This distortion causes the points between knee fall out transmission lines, or in other words is the driveline will go out into the knee joint. When the distribution of non-equilibrium knee up (focus on foot in) will cause degenerative lesions of gastrocnemius in weighing up the factors that cause pain and inflammatory stimulation for knee joint degeneration. Adjust the shaft of the leg is a very important request to extend the life of the knee joint.
For pathological degenerative knee joint, the joint deformation and change of foot is inevitable. Genus axis change as heavy deformation condition on the deformation condition and will make the pivot of the leg more change. In our country, today, primarily the surgery for pathological degenerative knee joint replacement surgery and artificial joints are when degenerative injuries too severe. In addition, some of the cleaning intervention, cut filtered through endoscopy, etc. mainly to resolve inflammation. The artificial knee joint replacement surgery is the treatment of degenerative knee joints badly quite effective because besides replacing the damaged joints with artificial materials, the crucial factor is the restoration of the legs, ensuring transmission problems over the knee is back to normal. If the recovery is the axis of the foot, in addition to improving the symptoms of degenerative arthritis, also contributed to the longevity of artificial joint is extended.
In addition to the artificial joint replacement for severe arthritis, degenerative damage is two more surgical treatment of knee degenerative lesions at an early stage and to preventive and prolong the patient’s knee. It is surgically fixed axis and grave knee replacement surgery.
Genus axis correction surgery is done to bring driveline passing point between the knee joint (the reality of surgery is quite a bit of outer legs out) to the distribution of power transmission over the knee joints are evenly over which alleviate arthritic joint injury should improve symptoms of pain and joint life expectancy will be extended. In this surgery, the arthritis degenerative lesions much (convex in the gastrocnemius and in) not corrected that mainly reduced load for the vulnerable should hurt when patients walk again.
Partial knee replacement surgery is performed instead of a convex side and foot lesions with artificial joints, through which to adjust pivot foot. This surgery recently to repair the damage to joints and shafts should logically then seems to settle the issue more fully. However, the surgical technique is relatively difficult, requiring the surgeon must have experienced.
Between this surgery, there are also many different views, some argue that the surgery correct foot shaft of simple, easy to implement than partial knee replacement surgery. Some argue that partial knee replacement surgery to solve the problem relatively than radical surgery to fix the shaft of the leg. Evaluation of the clinical results is also not yet actually seen the remarkable advantages of this method compared to the other methods. So both methods are still used in parallel to each other. Some authors argue that, in these cases must intervene as this page of the legs or partial joint replacement so then can wait more to only match the entire time. There is also another perspective. The important issue is the assessment of reality on each patient, in addition to joint damage, the patient’s needs, age, gender, economic viability… and deciding which method is chosen based on the specific analysis, exchange and directly by the treating doctor and the patient.
In summary, although with any surgery, joint replacement, replace entire joints selling part or limb axis, the axis of the foot is an important factor, contributing to addressing symptoms of the disease and prolong the life of the joint of artificial or natural.