The rate of mental disorders in teens of America
According to a national representative survey is the National Institute of Mental Health America partially funded, only about 1/2 the number of children and teenagers in America have mental disorders receive professional care. The survey also provides a holistic view of the rate of the common mental disorders.
This result is a part of the survey inspected about health and nutrition, a collaboration between the National Institute of Mental health and the National Center for health Statistics of the Center for disease prevention and control. The survey was conducted from 2001 to 2004 with 3,042 participants. The most recent results include data on children and adolescents aged from 8 to 15, and was published online before print in the Journal of Pediatrics, December 14, 2009.
“Data on the rate of mental disorders among young United States are varied, as adding to the difficulty of really knows how many children and adolescents are affected”, doctor of medicine, Director of the National Institute of mental health, Thomas R. Insel said. “The figures from the survey as above can be used as an important reference for us to follow the trend of mental disorders in children”.
In this study, the youth was interviewed directly. Parents or carers can also provide information about the mental health of their children. The researchers tracked six mental disorder, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) radicular, panic disorder, eating disorders (anorexia and bulimia), depressive disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder. Study participants were also asked whether they had received any treatment would not.
Overall, 13% of children who meet the criteria of at least one of the six mental disorders in the previous year. About 1.8% of the children had more than one disorder, usually a combination of ADHD and behavior disorders. Among the specific disorders are:
– 8.6% had ADHD, the rate of the affected women more than men.
– 3.7% had depressive disorder, the rate of the affected women more than men.
– 2.1% have behavioral disorders.
– 0.7% had anxiety disorders (anxiety disorders panic disorder or radicular);
– 0.1% of eating disorder (anorexia or bulimia).
“Except for ADHD, the common ratio above shows that this rate is generally lower than in the other reports published in the results of the psychiatric disorders in children, but we can compare with other studies conducted by the same criteria and methods”,the leader of the authors, Dr. Kathleen Merikangas, a National Institute of Mental health says.
Those in low socio-economic status are more likely to have the disorder, particularly ADHD, while those in higher socio-economic status than have most likely encountered an anxiety disorder. The American-Mexico has the disorder significantly higher status than the white Americans or African-Americans, but in General, racial differences in the rate of appearance of disorders is negligible.
Merikangas and her colleagues also found that overall, 55% of children with the disorder have a visit to a mental health expert, this confirmed the trend up to use services for mental disorders in children, particularly ADHD. However, only 32% of teenagers suffer anxiety disorder sought treatment, a finding is also consistent with other studies. Further, African-Americans and American-Mexico really less seek treatment than white Americans.
“So far, the reliable data about the importance, and the treatment of mental disorders in the young United States was very scarce”, Dr. Merikangas said. “When combining this research with data from the survey of other representatives worldwide, we will provide a valuable base for making decisions about health care for America’s youth”, she concluded.