The prevention of mental health problems (part 2)
- Public education
An approach to strengthen others health is to provide a form of psychosocial interventions is relatively simple, open to everyone: usually in the form of stress management classes. Brown and Cs. (2000) has evaluated a program as such. They open a further eight free workshop lasts one or half a day of stress management in a recreation center, according to the ad campaign as part of the program “Birmingham health 2000”. Such classes teach participants the skills of relaxation and a number of other skills to master stress. The comparison group consisted of people who join a full-day program focusing on Science diet, get to know about alcohol and physical exercises and a group of people are in the queue to attend the future workshop program. Innovative programs and attract people who have ever seen health professionals, often as their general practitioners, for problems related to stress and people who had never met experts. The intervention also proved to be successful. Compare the starting level, the participants in the seminar all day there has reduced stress and anxiety more pronounced compared to groups of symptoms after three months of participation in the workshop. An impressive result, intervention is relatively compact and more people can participate.
The labor organization also launched a system to help people learn stress management skills. A survey (Fielding and Piserchia, 1989) suggests that about a quarter of the major companies in the USA held such classes have been shown to be effective, though Oldenburg and Harris (1996) noted that they only attract between 10% to 40% of the workforce and a lot of people just to attend several sessions to achieve a certain purpose. There are many people who have symptoms of anxiety did not attend.
Build and conduct these types of workshops, although beneficial to attendees, but relatively costly and time consuming, and some groups have started exploiting these other approaches, more efficient in terms of cost. An interesting approach is to provide stress management training and Therapy Center for storage over the network. Just by a quick search on the internet, one can see thousands of independent therapists have this service. These services aim to therapy rather than prevention. However, a redundant project has a larger range is also being built. When the book is being written, a stress-management programs interaction over the network is being built for Unilever. People want to be able to attend the program through the Office of health advice, or over the network across Europe. The program includes training and advice on dieting to reduce stress, which restrict the behavior increases the risk of heart disease. Matano and Cs. (2000) reported on a purposeful approach more clearly. They have set up a web page showing how to reduce the level of drinking for a large network. As with the project of Unilever, degree of usefulness and effectiveness has yet to be assessed, but the potential of how this intervention is very impressive.
- Organizational intervention
So far, the approach envisaged prevention still are focused on helping people solve more effectively their stress in your life. At the level of higher intervention can reduce the causes of stress. While still difficult to implement social change with an extension to improve mental health, because restraint by political and economic factors, which can perform better, it’s work.
The work of Maes and Cs. (1998) is considered one of the few projects that manage stress at workplace networks have used the system approach to reduce stress. These interventions focus on change; fix the important aspects; the key of the work environment to strengthen mental health through the workforce of a major industrial manufacturer. Their intervention has destroyed the research aims to identify conditions that can strengthen both workers ‘ health status and improve production efficiency. Individuals working in their abilities, avoiding work or change jobs within a short period, the labor organization checks and have the proper social communication in the labor context. With the idea that, in the framework of the production, they try to change the nature of the work of each employee in order to bring it closer to the idea. In addition, they are training for the management, communication skills and leadership, methods to identify, prevent and reduce personal stress at work. Although the research program without the measurement of stress, but the changes have been made that increase the quality of work, reducing the rate of employment. Both this is the indicator that the health workers were still well in the labor.