There are many treatments to cope with ADHD. Besides the traditional ways as medication treatments or food approach, the patients of ADHD can have another choice: neurofeedback. It will treat the ADHD symptoms by treating the brain. This method appears to be used widely in recent years. But what is neurofeedback and how does it work? To some extends, this article will respond to this question.
- What is neurofeedback?
- Assessment prior to neurofeedback
- What are the differences between neurofeedback and other treatments?
- Limitations and coming improvement
What is neurofeedback?
Neurofeedback training is brainwave biofeedback. In the process, the patients will have a couple of electrodes placed on their scalp and one or two on ear lobe, and they will be provided with instantaneous audio and visual feedback about their brain activity. Then the electrical patterns from the brain will be measured, this process is similar to a physician listens to the heart from the surface of skin. The brain will not be influenced by any electrical current.
Although it may seem like science fiction in nature, it really is a prestigious technical and scientific proven true by special psychotherapy training. Neurofeedback works by providing feedback to an individual in their brains, specifically, their brain waves. Feedback in a vacuum, however, is useless, so experienced individuals are rewarded for brain wave activity patterns are better for humans. This is called “self-regulation”, because the individuals are learning how to adjust the brain wave patterns of their reality on its own, without medication or additional treatment.
Neurofeedback has supported research to support effective non-invasive. This method is also used in many psychiatric disorders, including depression, attention deficit disorder, anxiety; sleep disorders, headaches and migraines, and other emotional problems. It can also be used to help those with organic brain disorders, such as autism, cerebral palsy and epilepsy.
Children with ADHD have abnormal EEG rate than the children without ADHD, such as sleepiness, motion control, and attention and remember the process. This treatment will provide the audio explanations and images of the brain waves and children learn ow to maintain the proper level for operation. In a session of neurofeedback, EEG sensors are located on the scalp then specific brain wave activity is detected, amplified and recorded. The information is immediately fed back to the therapist and the clients on one screen. The specialists inform customers what they are observing and train them on how to control brain activity so that it reaches the desired range.
With the help of a game program, the children learn to maintain a low activity of beta waves and increase delta waves, or the game will not continue playing. With this, the children will exercise the brain and increases their concentration ability and attention. It also has been studied and reported that the brains of children with ADHD is the lack of regulations from the forehead, between the brains allows for rapid reaction system without a check. Neurofeedback restore the strength of the frontal area of the brain. It also builds a better connection between the brain, allowing focus, attention, impulse and emotional reactions to become manageable. Children can develop memory to how they can achieve the desired results in the sessions and use it outside of the sessions to create lasting results.
2. Assessment prior to neurofeedback
Some people think that they can buy the neurofeedback equipment and treat their children at home. However, using this kind of treatment is not simple like that. It requires the specialized concerning brain function.
What happens in a session NFB?
Neurofeedback training coaches will complete a comprehensive assessment with patients and may have you fill out a survey list of complaints and / or challenges that have brought you to your office.
Next you will be placed in a quiet space, in a comfortable, reclining chair. The coaches will be attached special sensors to head that will eat the brain wave patterns into the software program training. Neurofeedback training is a relaxing, interesting and usually lasts about 30 minutes. When the trial started, the patients will hear music playing through headphones. Patients will hear often “ignored” or interruption in the music – this is the signal to remind your brain to “reset” and optimize its own.
Neurofeedback training is non-invasive. It does not shock the brain or manipulate the brain. At the end of the session, patients may feel less stressed and more mental clarity. They have any negative after-effects such as artificial neurofeedback training not “push” the brain in particular any direction. Many users experience a deeper sleep and vivid dreams after their first meeting.
How it works?
Neurofeedback is brain training software really remind individuals of the central nervous system to help make the best use of resources nerve your brain. This training for the brain is similar to physical training for the body. Many of our suffering come from the popular recurring thoughts and feelings in our minds that become trapped emotions or perceptions “stuck”. Neurofeedback prompts the brain to draw from its existing resources and pulled himself out of the “ruts” mental. The result is an open and positive thinking than in that obstacles are easier to manage and more problems are resolved.
Like a mirror promotes self-correction, the program’s training exclusive, Neurofeedback monitors your brain waves, and then provide “feedback” to the central nervous system of you about what it has actually give. When the software detects a vibration in your brain wave pattern, it will send an audio signal, encourages the brain to “reset” and self-correct.
3. What are the differences between neurofeedback and other treatments?
There are several important factors that distinguish Neurofeedback training from other systems:
- Neurofeedback training is effective because it is designed to work best with your individual brain.
It does not try to “fix” the predetermined conditions or pin down the specific problem. This is a limitation in previous Neurofeedback systems. Usually, solving a problem in one area can cause problems elsewhere. The heart of the system is a neurofeedback – Dynamical Neurofeedback training proprietary technology based on neuroscience and especially designed with function of the non-linear nature of human brain in mind. Neurofeedback training built to exploit extremely dynamic nature of your brain in a different system simply cannot match. As a result, this Neurofeedback systems can be effectively used to solve a wide range of complaints which are not specifically “targeted” them at the beginning of the training.
- Neurofeedback training Neurofeedback causes no harm.
Research shows that your brain “knows best” and therefore training brain training system does not force or “push” the brain in any one direction. Basically, dynamical neurofeedback provides your brain with the information needed to adjust and function in the most optimal. Neurofeedback training simply allows the natural process of your own brain adjusts.
- Neurofeedback training does not require effort from the user’s side.
Some brain training system requires users to “interact” by playing games or solving puzzles in the session. This level of interaction is unnecessary supplementation with neurofeedback training system.
If a substance literally someone speeds up, why it was prescribed for someone with hyperactivity problems? Why stimulants seem to help someone with ADHD slow and focused?
In a person with ADHD, the brain areas that control attention and concentration can have too much work slowly, which can also lead to feelings of depression, anxiety, and lack of motivation. Unconsciously, people with ADHD increased body movement to stimulate and “awaken” their brains. Therefore, stimulants are prescribed to enhance brain activity without increasing body movement.
The problem with this strategy is that ADHD patients may have been undergoing many operations quickly in some areas of the brain. This can lead to other problems such as acting strong, impulsive, or feel worried. A human brain can race so fast that it is almost impossible for them to sit still and listen. In fact, because ADHD people are often quite intelligent, they understand the concept quickly. Rapid pace of their spirit can make us move forward before all the instructions given, making them miss important details.
Research shows that Neurofeedback is a successful alternative for treatment of ADHD. ADHD is a brain problem. Neurofeedback allows people to work directly on this issue by training the brain to become calmer, more focused, and less impulsive. By reducing brain models too quickly and too slowly happening in the brain of ADHD patients, this method helps people learn how to control.
According to health experts who use in practice, more than 85% of ADHD clients to learn to increase concentration, reduce impulsivity. They can further manage their behavior when they train with Neurofeedback on consistent basis.
Another reason that Neurofeedback is very effective for ADHD is it appealing to children. It looks like a computer game! Instead of controlling the game with a mouse, you “play” the game with his brain. Children seem to enjoy brain training, making it easy to continue treatment and achieve significant improvements.
Limitations and coming improvement
Despite some significant positive impacts, most of the research has been controversial. It is because of the lack of scientific rigor and constraints such as lack of control groups, a small number of participants, shatter. The other reason can be that it does not exclude patients with mental disorders or neurological disease, blindness absence of evaluations or lack randomized to groups (Nicoulaud – Franchia JA 2011). Only three studies of randomly selected subgroup (Heinrich H. 2006, Gevensleben H. 2009).
Recent studies have tried to overcome the limits and introduce a control group undergoing placebo training similar to the training of neurofeedback but with a synchronized EEG feedback. These studies are based on random changes presented EEG exhibited significantly improved ADHD symptoms: inattention and impulsivity for neurofeedback. Furthermore the placebo groups did not differ significantly between the two groups (Lansbergen MM 2011 – Vollebregt MA 2013). In what the research is methodologically most rigoroud results EEG biofeedback treatment. It is randomly assigned to use for the group and a placebo group with expertise to adjudicate blind with no convincing evidence of effectiveness for EEG biofeedback found. Biofeedback group did not show significantly results than the control group (Fine AH 1994).
In addition to the efficacy of this treatment, long-term effects have been examined in further studies. The study of neurofeedback training showed a significant improvement of ADHD symptoms and a modulation of brain activity remains in effect after 6 months and over 2 years. The recent study is conducted by Meisel et al of 2 months and 6 months of observation. The study reveals that reduce the symptoms of attention deficit and hyperactivity after 2 and 6 months with their mother and teacher. This also greatly reduces functional impairment of child at the end of the training. After 2 months, a significant improvement in reading and writing. In addition, similar effects of neurofeedback and medicine show that neurofeedback can be a good alternative to medication. Another challenge is the personal reality of neurofeedback protocols. The ADHD patients present a major change in the structure of a loop qEEG. People are collective identity with 47% of patients showed increased theta activity. Only 6% showing reduced activity version beta and 22% exhibited the beta activity. To improve the effectiveness of treatment, practical research to adapt the protocol for ADHD in children EEG patterns. At the same time, the research can adjusts threshold EEG neurofeedback training bonus for performances for children.
In conclusion, results from this study provide subsequent evidence that Neurofeedback can bring long-term benefits for some children with ADHD. The ADHD patients and the parents of ADHD children now have one more line on their ADHD treatment lists.