Criticisms of schizophrenia
The diagnostic criteria of schizophrenia in DSM-IV-TR differ significantly compared to the DSM-III (see Chapter 1) and the other with the definition of schizophrenia by Liddle and Cs. (1994). Difficult to define exactly the schizophrenia has created fundamental problems for clinical and home to researchers when developing models of cause or treatment approach. Great difficulties to the extent that many scientists and clinical question are whether schizophrenia may exist under a form of independence that DSM has defined.
The basic problem in DSM’s point about schizophrenia is that the same individuals, but the divergent physician can give a very different diagnosis and just had 2 different symptoms are sufficient. This was refuted in the perception that each disorder has a mechanism behind it. In other words, if the same were a type of the disease, the individual must have the same group of symptoms. A further point worth noting is the schizophrenia vary over different response to drugs like lithium, benzodiazepines and neuroleptic. Also who do not respond to the drugs. Likewise, whether the therapy is also very different. As Bentall (1993) specifies: “we definitely have to go to the important conclusion that schizophrenia is a disease with no symptoms separately, there is no separate performance process and fails to respond to a particular therapy”. On the basis that he put forward the idea that the diagnosis is not enough force should need to remove the concept of schizophrenia. Moreover, to explain to the syndrome, future efforts should focus on explaining the behavior or specific experience: each is a symptom of “schizophrenia” need to be viewed as a distinct disorder with the therapy and also separately.
The next issue is the phenomenon that is not only my own people who are diagnosed with schizophrenia, there is many people don’t look to psychiatrists even though they still hear voices in his head. So grab something to distinguish between people search and people not seeking help to solve their problems; discern the differences in the response of individuals and their ability to deal with the problem. Positive coping strategies include establishing the limits of time to hear the voice and talk back and listen selectively to the active voice (Romme & Escher, 1989).
Attempts to unify the different phenomena into a name of “schizophrenia” is still under debate. The next section of the chapter will refer more to the traditional trend and overview of research based on the DSM or the same definition of schizophrenia. Some people may be objected that the form such research are going to froze as well as the search for the cause of the disease and which of them does not exist. In more positive level can identify some factors that increase risk or given how the therapy more effective for all of what is today the concept is in the trademark “schizophrenia“. This also shows some problems that researchers face when seeking to explain the general factors that contribute to the experience of those who are diagnosed with schizophrenia. Because most of the studies are focused on people who are diagnosed with schizophrenia should this term be used in items even though there are still different assessment of the validity of the concept.